Friday, June 21, 2013

Buffalo City Court

Posted 02:54 AM April 03, 2013
n our series highlighting local criminal courts, we focus on Buffalo City Court . The Buffalo City Court has jurisdiction over both civil and criminal cases originating within Buffalo City. In the category of criminal law, the Buffalo City Court part hears misdemeanors and pre-indictment felonies, including drug possession, unlawful possession of marijuana, robbery, petit larceny, DWI, DWAI, criminal possession of a weapon, assault, and other cases.
Buffalo City  Court also hears Vehicle and Traffic offenses such as violations of VTL 511 (Aggravated Unlicensed Operation of a Motor Vehicle) and the Traffic part hears traffic cases such as speeding, red light and stop sign violations.
The Buffalo City Court is located at 50 Delaware Avenue, Buffalo, NY 14202.Image

Vehicular Assault under New York Penal Law 120.03 and 120.04

  Vehicular assault charges can be  added to felony or  misdemeanor DWI complaints where there has been an injury to someone  other than the driver of the vehicle as a result of an alcohol- or  drug-related accident.  For example, in People v. Mojica, 62 A.D.3d 100,  the defendant allegedly “drove a pickup truck through a red traffic  light and struck a marked patrol car driven by a city police officer,  Richard Poluzzi. Officer Poluzzi, who was removed from the scene by  ambulance and transported to St. Francis Hospital, suffered head  injuries and spent one month in an in-patient rehabilitation facility  before returning to work six months after the accident, in January  2007.”
The elements of the basic charge, PL 120.03, are as follows:
§ 120.03 Vehicular assault in the second degree.
A  person  is guilty of vehicular assault in the second degree when he
or she causes serious physical injury to another person, and either:
(1) operates a motor vehicle in violation of subdivision  two,  three,four  or  four-a of section eleven hundred ninety-two of the vehicle andtraffic law or operates a  vessel  or  public  vessel  in  violation  of
paragraph   (b),   (c),  (d)  or  (e)  of  subdivision  two  of  section
forty-nine-a of the navigation law, and as a result of such intoxication
or impairment by the use of a drug, or  by  the  combined  influence  of
drugs  or of alcohol and any drug or drugs, operates such motor vehicle,
vessel or public vessel in a manner that causes  such  serious  physical
injury to such other person, or
(2)  operates  a  motor  vehicle with a gross vehicle weight rating of
more  than  eighteen  thousand  pounds  which  contains  flammable  gas,
radioactive  materials  or explosives in violation of subdivision one of
section eleven hundred ninety-two of the vehicle and  traffic  law,  and
such  flammable gas, radioactive materials or explosives is the cause of
such serious physical injury, and as a result of such impairment by  the
use of alcohol, operates such motor vehicle in a manner that causes such
serious physical injury to such other person, or
(3) operates a snowmobile in violation of paragraph (b), (c) or (d) of
subdivision  one  of section 25.24 of the parks, recreation and historic
preservation law or operates  an  all  terrain  vehicle  as  defined  in
paragraph   (a)   of  subdivision  one  of  section  twenty-two  hundred
eighty-one  of  the  vehicle  and  traffic  law  and  in  violation   of
subdivision  two,  three,  four,  or  four-a  of  section eleven hundred
ninety-two of the vehicle and traffic law,  and  as  a  result  of  such
intoxication  or  impairment  by  the  use of a drug, or by the combined
influence of drugs or of alcohol and any drug or  drugs,  operates  such
snowmobile  or  all terrain vehicle in a manner that causes such serious
physical injury to such other person.
If it is established that the person  operating  such  motor  vehicle,
vessel,  public  vessel,  snowmobile  or all terrain vehicle caused such
serious physical injury while unlawfully intoxicated or impaired by  the
use  of  alcohol or a drug, then there shall be a rebuttable presumption
that, as a result of such intoxication  or  impairment  by  the  use  of
alcohol  or  a drug, or by the combined influence of drugs or of alcohol
and any drug or drugs, such person operated the motor  vehicle,  vessel,
public vessel, snowmobile or all terrain vehicle in a manner that caused
such serious physical injury, as required by this section.
Vehicular assault in the second degree is a class E felony.
The enhanced class D felony of Vehicular Assault in the First Degree  requires first the commission of second-degree vehicular assault, but  also requires the presence of at least one of 6 different “bump-up”  circumstances, including (i) committing the crime after “blowing” a .18  or higher (Penal Law 120.04(1)); (ii) committing the crime with  knowledge that your driver’s license is suspended (Penal Law 120.04(2));  (iii) committing the offense with a prior DWI on your record (Penal Law  120.04(3)); (iv) causing “serious physical injury” to another person  (Penal Law 120.04(4)); (v) committing the offense with a prior homicide  on your record (Penal Law 120.04(5));  or (vi) committing the offense  with a child 15 years of age or younger as a passenger (Penal Law  120.04(6)).
One of the best strategies for defeating the charge at trial would  seemingly be to challenge the DWI element.   Other strategies would  probably entail challenging whether the injury was severe enough to  constitute physical injury under the Penal Law definition.
If you or a loved one has been arrested for DWI or Vehicular Assault,  your best bet will always be to consult with an experienced DWI lawyer  before proceeding.

Charged with Domestic Violence: Do I Need a Buffalo Area Attorney?

Posted 04:13 AM April 22, 2013
In Erie County NY , domestic violence is a serious crime.  No  matter how small  the injuries to either party might be, an arrest,  charge, or conviction for domestic violence can have far reaching  consequences for anyone accused of the crime in the Buffalo area.   A person can be convicted of domestic violence not just  against a spouse, but against anyone with whom the person lives with or  has a child.  The individuals involved do not have to be of the opposite  gender or even related, nor do the pair have to be romantically  involved.  In fact, even a college student living with roommates can be  arrested for and convicted of domestic violence if he or she is ever  violent toward those roommates.

The Facts Make a Difference

The law is something that is very situation  specific.   The circumstances surrounding each accusation will also be taken  into consideration and weighed by the court in determining guilt .   Despite the fact that defendants are welcome to go pro se in court, anyone facing the serious charge of domestic violence is  highly encouraged to let an experienced attorney handle all aspects of  the defense. Attorneys are experienced and trained at presenting  legally good  arguments to the court that laymen may not realize they  can argue in their defense.

For example, what if the defendant acts in  self-defense?  Or walks in on a shocking scene that would shock most  reasonable people?  Or acts under a mistaken belief of facts?  All of  these questions and more represent the many nuances of criminal law that  can weigh factor  on the outcome of a charge for domestic violence.
Another plus  of partnering with an attorney to defend against  charges of domestic violence is that the attorney will be able to  explain any of the questions that a defendant might have about the  criminal process, chances of success, and the charges involved in  non-legal, simple to understand terms.

If you have been charged with DV call J John Sebastian  for a free consultation today.

Whiplash Neck Accident Claim

Posted 12:31 PM April 24, 2013

Whiplash is a very common injury caused by a car accident, trucking accident, or any vehicle crash.. When the head and neck are jolted violently to the front and back, the result can be a case of severe whiplash.
The ligaments, tendons, and discs in the neck become strained, causing  pain shooting through your shoulders and down your arms. These shooting, or "radicular" pains can be evidence of a serious disc injury in your cervical spine. It is important to seeek medical attention immediately if you suspect you have whiplash from an accident.
Insurance claims adjusters usually do not take whiplash injuries  seriously, at least not until an experienced neck injury attorney files a claim on your behalf. Adjusters just seem to feel that whiplash is a minor injury that will always resolve itself with time.
That just isn't  reality. You can suffer a bad whiplash injury in a very low-speed car accident. Doctors agree that even in low-speed, minor impact collisions, whiplash  results. Pain can become so intense that it causes numbness and tingling in your arms and hands(radiculopothy and parastesia). This sensation is particularly disturbing for almost anyone.
Whiplash must be properly diagnoses by xrays and MRI at the hospital. These imaging studies will identify the extent of the damage done to your spine and neck area. It will also give your orthopedist or neurologist and idea on the next course of treatment.
Conservative treatment for whiplash includes pain medications, physical therapy, and  localized epidural steroid shots. If these treatments do not fix the problem, your doctor may recommend a neck surgery. Surgery for whiplash after a crash may likely require disc removal (discectomy) and spine fusion. This is a serious surgery with real risks.

Buffalo Area Credit Card Fraud Lawyer

Buffalo Area Credit Card Fraud Lawyer

Posted 09:09 AM May 31, 2013

According to theFTC, Credit Card Fraud affects over7 million people annually. A Buffalo Area  Credit Card Fraud Lawyer can explain that these charges are usually  prosecuted. As the use of computers  increased in  the recent past, these crimes are more prevalent than ever. The District Attorney is aware of this, and aggressively prosecutes these crimes. It is important to speak with a Buffalo Area Criminal Fraud Lawyer  for guidance.
The crime of Credit Card Fraud includes a variety of crimes that involve the fraudulent use or theft of a credit card. This offense usually occurs when someone else’s card is used to make a purchase. This crime is closely linked to Computer Fraud, because often the use of the internet is usually  involved. Credit Card Fraud can also be linked to Mail Fraud and Bank Fraud.
Credit Card Fraud can include:
  • Using a credit card without the owners consent
  • Stealing a credit card from the owner
  • Acquiring a credit card thru the mail
  • Manufacturing fake credit cards
  • Purposefully misrepresenting information on a credit application
  • Creating a fraudulent website to access credit card information
You do not have to be physically in possession of the credit card to be charged with Credit Card Fraud. The use of the credit card information is enough to commit this crime, over one-half of all online Credit Card Fraud is committed by only using the numbers.
The penalties if you are convicted of this crime can include prison time that ranges from 10-20 years, and financial retribution. Speak with a qualified Buffalo Area Criminal Lawyer from the Law Offices of J John Sebastian  for guidance. We will explain the charges against you and answer the many questions you likely have. We will provide you with a free consultation with your first visit.Image

What is "IDV Court"?

What is "IDV Court"?

Posted 01:24 PM June 13, 2013
First established in 2003, IDV Courts are made  for a single judge to preside over multiple cases between family members, where the main or prevalent  issue is alleged domestic violence between the parties.
For example, a wife and husband have a marital fight, the police are called. In short order, the spouses might accumulate one or more criminal proceedings in a local criminal Court, one or more family offense cases in Family Court, and a divorce proceeding in Supreme Court. In the past, different judges would have been assigned to  each of those proceedings, requiring court appearances in three different courthouses, sometimes resulting in conflicting decisions between the various judges. Now, one judge presides over all of the family's interrelated legal matters in IDV Court.
So far, approximately 18,000 families throughout New York State have had their legal matters resolved in IDV Courts. That number will continue to grow.  IDV Courts look like they will be around for a while.

What Exactly Is "Shoplifting"?

What Exactly Is "Shoplifting"?

Posted 01:28 PM June 13, 2013
When people think about t shoplifting, they might picture  a person hiding goods in his or her clothes and then leaving the store without paying. While this is definitely a typical  shoplifting scenario, it's not the only one.
Scenarios where people get arrested for shoplifting, may include

  • Placing merchandise in a "booster bag" (a bag lined with aluminum foil, designed to conceal detection of merchandise from electronic security monitors)
  • Removing Sensormatic and other anti-theft tags from store's  merchandise
  • Concealment, concealing merchandise on the way out of the store with it
  • Tag switching:
  • Coordinating theft with a store worker who doesn't ring up all the merchandise
  • Group shoplifting where, one member of the group creates a distraction that provides another member with the opportunity to shoplift
Shoplifting supposedly costs retailers tens of billions of dollars per year in the United States. This is one reason why shoplifting charges are prosecuted firmly seriously by the courts. Penalties for conviction can vary depending on yourrecord, the type of  charge, and the value of goods allegedly stolen. However, with a skilled shoplifting defense lawyer on your side, there is hope to successfully resolve your legal matter.

DWI Suspension Pending Prosecution

Posted 01:29 PM June 13, 2013
At your arraignment for DWI, the Court may  suspend your license or privilege to drive in New York State pending prosecution for the charges, if there is evidence you were driving with a blood alcohol content (BAC) of .08% or higher. You are eligible to apply for a Conditional License after 30 days of Suspension Pending Prosecution.
Under certain circumstances the Judge may suspend your license or driving privileges as a matter of discretion pursuant to New York State Vehicle and Traffic Law Section 510.3. In this case, you are not eligible for a conditional license.

Pattern Jury Language/Battling Police Embellishment/DWI Trial

Posted 01:36 PM June 13, 2013

Your client is charged with violating section 1192(3) of the NY Vehicle and Traffic Law. known in some places as a:DWI refusal" or a "common Law DWI"; albeit there is no chemical test, and the evidence will boil down to police observations to prove intoxication.
Assume for purposes of this article that our client has a prior (usually the case in refusals) so there is no offer. Lets assume further that our judge seems unsympathetic to our client's cause and the likelihood of an 1192(1) judgement after a bench trial are slim. So, onward we march to a jury trial of the matter.
1. Consult The NYS Criminal Pattern Jury Instruction(PJI) Manual
The first and most important step in trying this case is to consult the NYS PJI 1192 (3) VTL, specifically let's look at the relevant PJI definition of "intoxication",
A person is in an INTOXICATED condition when such person has consumed alcohol to the extent that he or she is incapable, to a substantial extent, of employing the physical and mental abilities which he or she is expected to possess in order to operate a vehicle as a reasonable and prudent driver.(emphasis added)
2. Incorporate Key Buzzwords Into Your Cross
"Physical and mental abilities... ." are the buzzwords you will be incorporating into your cross of the arresting officer.
Let's assume the usual direct testimony from the arresting officer, wherein he gives all the standard indicia of intoxication: swerving, bloodshot eyes, alcohol on the breath, unsteady on his feet, failed all the FSTs miserably.
Your cross examination follows:
You: Sir you observed Johnny drive past you, Yes?
Cop: Yes
You: You pulled out after him, True?
Cop: Yes
You: You activated your overheads, Correct?
Cop: Yes
You: and Johnny pulled over, Yes?
Cop: Yes
You: So at that point he had the mental ability to recognize you were stopping him,Correct Sir?
Cop; Yes
You: And the physical ability to pull the vehicle over, Yes?
Cop: Yes
You: You approached Johnny's vehicle?
Cop: Yes
You: And requested him to produce license and registration, Correct?
Cop: Yes
You: So he had the mental ability to understand that request, Correct Sir?
Cop: I guess...
You: That's a Yes?
Cop: Yes
You: And he had the physical ability to find produce and hand you those documents, Isn't that true as well??
Cop: well NO, it took him a long time to find them and he kept dropping his license...
What just happened? 'And it was going so well!' you think to yourself. Now what do I do?
Don't despair. What just happened is that our arresting officer just deviated from our script and is heading down the dark and lonely road of embellishing his observations of intoxication.
It is a dark and lonely road because you always follow the cardinal rule of cross; 'never ask a question you don't know the answer to'. In reality, that rule should be 'never ask a question you don't know what the answer to should be'.
3. Negative Impeachment of an Embellishing Police Witness
Continuing our sample cross:
You: So your testimony NOW is that it took 'a long time' for him to find his documents?
Cop: Yes
You: And that he 'kept dropping his license'?
Cop: Yes Sir, he did.
You: I see.
You: Sir, you have training in how to complete the necessary documents pursuant to a DWI arrest correct?
Cop: Yes I do.
You: In fact you were trained at the police academy on how complete the necessary documents Yes?
Cop: Yes
You: Did they train you to be accurate?
Cop: Yes
You Did they train you to be complete?
Cop: Yes,
You: Did they train you to be honest?
Cop: They did.
You: I'm handing you whats been marked State Exhibit A for ID purposes do you recognize it Sir?
Cop: Yes
You: What is it?
Cop: It is the arrest report I prepared for this case.
You: And you completed that over a year and a half ago Yes?
Cop: Yes
You: Contemporaneously with the events of the night in question correct?
You: And at the time you prepared it you were trying to be accurate?
Cop: Yes.
You: You were trying to be complete?
Cop: Yes
You: And You were trying to be honest?
Cop: Of course.
You: So that's a Yes?
Cop: Yes
You: Can you please tell the jury where in that arrest report it says that Johnny took a long time to produce his license and registration?
Cop: It doesn't say it anywhere.
You: I see. And would you please indicate where in the arrest report it states he kept dropping his license.
Cop: It does not say that either.
You can repeat this process again with his field notes, the misdemeanor information itself or his grand jury testimony (if the case is a felony) to really pound your point home.
4. Completing The Buzzword Cross
When you go back to your physical and mental capability line of questioning, the officer is not likely to embellish again, but if he does, be grateful, and just repeat your negative impeachment steps
In addition, point out through your cross exam the physical ability to operate at a safe speed, safely park the car, exit the car, stand in the roadway, walk without assistance, and walk while handcuffed behind his back. Of course you will incorporate each physical task into your cross as the facts of the case allow.
Point out through you cross exam the mental ability to follow instructions, comply with orders, give pedigree info, dial a phone, and carry on a conversation. Again look at the facts and take what they give you.
5. Summation
In your summation you will remind the jury that the law is not 'gasoline and alcohol don't mix'.(Initially talked about in voir dire and opening)
The law is whether Johnny had the physical and mental capabilities to safely operate the motor vehicle on the night in question. And then reiterate all of the evidence to support that he did.
If you follow these techniques of incorporating the key buzzwords of the PJI into your case through cross of the arresting officer, and using negative impeachment to battle embellishment, you should be returning NOT GUILTY verdicts on a regular basis with these types of cases.
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Buffalo Area Under 21 DWI Attorney

Buffalo Area Under 21 DWI Attorney

Posted 01:38 PM June 13, 2013

In New York State , anyone  at least sixteen years old but less than nineteen years old who are charged with a crime (misdemeanor or felony) may be eligible for a "youthful offender adjudication." Section 720.20 of the CPL sets forth the circumstances under which a court may make a finding that a individual is a youthful offender. For  misdemeanor convictions, like first time DWI offenders, CPL § 720.20 states:

Upon conviction of an eligible youth, the court must order a PSI (pre-sentence investigation) of the defendant. After receipt of a written report of the investigation (by the probation department) and at the time of pronouncing sentence the court must determine whether or not the eligible youth is a youthful offender. Such determination shall be in accordance with the following criteria:

Where the conviction is had in a local criminal court and the eligible youth had not prior to commencement of trial or entry of a plea of guilty been convicted of a crime or found a youthful offender, the court must find he is a youthful offender.

CPL § 720.20(d) states that when an individual is found to be a youthful offender, " the court must direct that the conviction be deemed vacated and replaced by a youthful offender finding; and the court must sentence the defendant pursuant to section 60.02 of the penal law."

Section 60.02(1) of the Penal Law sets the maximum sentence that may be imposed upon a defendant adjudicated a youthful offender who otherwise would have been convicted of a misdemeanor to "a definite or intermittent sentence of imprisonment with a term of no more than six months...."

The requirement that eligible youth with no prior criminal convictions or youthful offender adjudications must receive youthful offender status when convicted of a misdemeanor raises an interesting question  when someone in that age group  are arrested for misdemeanor Driving While Intoxicated.

It is important to know  that youthful offender status only applies to criminal convictions, not to traffic infractions or violations. As a result, it may be better in some cases to plead guilty to the misdemeanor charge and receive youthful offender status rather than entering a plea to the lesser charge of Driving While Ability Impaired by Alcohol (VTL § 1192[1]). A person under 19 years of age should discuss this with his lawyer. There are advantages and disadvantages of getting youthful offender status versus pleading guilty to DWAI (Driving While Ability Impaired by Alcohol). 

Thursday, June 13, 2013

Buffalo NY Area Promoting Prostitution Charges

An experienced Buffalo Criminal  Lawyer will tell you that the sex crime of Promoting Prostitution takes place when a person benefits and profits from prostitution, but is neither the person acting as the prostitute or employing  a prostitute. The crime of Promoting Prostitution involves:
  • Receiving money for arranging a prostitute for someone;
  • Soliciting a John for a prostitute;
  • Operating, managing or owning an establishment that was made for prostitution, and prostitution is practiced there;
  • Inducing someone to the life of prostitution (turning girls out).
If you have been charged with Promoting Prostitution or other Sex Crime , or battery, assault, Burglary or endangering the welfare of a child, speak with a qualified Buffalo Criminal Defense  Lawyer from our team today. The penalties you could be facing are serious, and can include jail time, large fines and probation.
In New York State , the Penal Law defines the laws related to Promoting Prostitution, which can be classified as either a misdemeanor or a felony, and punishable by 1 to 25 years in prison. There severity of the charge will depend on:
  • How many prostitutes are involved;
  • Whether force or coercion was used;
  • The age of the prostitutes involved.
Come in and speak with a Buffalo Criminal Defense Lawyer from the Law Office of J John Sebastian for legal guidance.

Buffalo Area Theft Crimes Lawyer

Posted 06:45 PM March 22, 2013

Most Buffalo areatheft criminal defendants are just regular folks, first time offenders, accused of theft of relatively minor amounts. While some our clients intentionally broke the law, others have strayed inadvertently. Whatever your situation is, we will work hard to minimize your liability and help you start with a clean slate.
Most Buffalo New York theft crimes that we deal with are the following:
  • Larceny
  • Embezzlement (usually involving theft from employers)
  • Credit Card Theft and Fraud
  • Welfare Fraud
  • Unemployment Insurance Benefits Fraud
  • Insurance Fraud
  • Medicaid Fraud
  • Tax Fraud
Contact us online for a free consultation

Buffalo Knee Injury Attorney

Whether you  do work  that produces constant stress on your shoulders, knees and other joints, or you have been involved in a workplace accident, on-the-job injuries are serious and can leave you out of work for an a long of time. If you have suffered a knee or shoulder injury on the job, you are eligible to apply for workers’ compensation benefits that will pay for medical expenses and time away from work.
 If your knee or shoulder injury was caused by by someone else’s negligence or misconduct, our firm can help you file for the benefits you deserve.

Common Types of Shoulder and Knee Injuries

Our attorneys frequently represent construction workers, industrial workers and other employees who have suffered shoulder and knee injuries in accidents or due to repetitive strain.
Common types of shoulder and knees injuries may include:
If these injuries have left you  disabled or unable to return to your job, our firm will help you pursue all available benefits. We will use our e experience and resources to fight for your success.

Is There A Statute of Limitations for Car Accidents In New York State?

If you're in a car accident, what should you do?
First when getting into a vehicle accident, you have to stop your car. This is even more important and even imperative when your accident results in personal injury to someone, whether minor or serious.
You also have to swap information with the other driver, if they're able to exchange information with you. You should provide your name, address and the registration number of your vehicle.
Now, if the other person is not able to exchange information, presumably because the other person is injured, you have to stay at the scene and call 911.
If you don't stay at the scene, you could be charged with a crime. . There's even the possibility of jail time for fleeing the scene of an accident.
If there's a death by vehicle, you can face  jail time, if your criminal negligence caused the accident. This can be the case when the accident was a result of excessive speeding, DUI, or other forms of reckless driving. While those charges are pretty bad, fleeing from them won't make a bad situation better. It will only make the situation worse.
If you're in a car accident,
  • Collect and preserve evidence. Take pictures of scene and any injuries.

  • Take notes.  jot down what happened as soon as possible after the crash. Include details about damage and injuries if any

  • Don't say too much. If the other party's insurance company calls you, you may want to direct them to your insurance co.. Hiring a lawyer can also be a smart move, depending on the circumstances of your crash.

Buffalo Area Arson Defense Attorney

Buffalo Area Arson Defense Attorney

A Buffalo  Arson attorney explains the New York State Arson law, the 5 different levels of Criminal Arson charges and affirmative defenses to Arson.
The common definition of Arson is setting fire to a building or property without having the owner's consent. In New York, any Arson attorney will tell you that this definition has been broken down further to separate between the different types of fires that can be set, the type of property that is set on fire and the risk of injury to people from such fires.
Moreover, the Western New York offices of the District Attorney as well as Western NY area Judges have exhibited a very low tolerance for defendants charged with Arson. The reason is the dangerous nature of a fire in so far as how it can spread and the  damage that can be caused to both people and property. That is why it's important for a defendant to have a Buffalo Area Criminal Attorney who has experience in handling Arson cases. An experienced New York Arson Lawyer can limit your exposure in the event of an unintended consequence of a fire that has been started and has gone out of control.
When you face the criminal charge of Arson, you need a Buffalo Criminal Attorney who will stand by you and fight for your rights

Buffalo Computer Fraud Defense Attorney

Buffalo Computer Fraud Defense Attorney

As computers become a common and integral part of everyday life and most businesses, Computer Fraud has become progressively more apparent.  A Buffalo area Computer Fraud attorney on the team J John Sebastian attorney at law  will explain to you that this crime can be very complex or quite simple, and we can counsel you at no cost consultation about how to defend yourself against these criminal charges. Very often a Computer Fraud can lead to criminal charges in both New York State Court as well as Federal Court.
Whenever a computer has  been used to facilitate a criminal act, a charge of Computer Fraud may be brought by the US Attorney, Erie County offices of the District Attorney,or Buffalo PD. The crime therefore represents a broad category of deceptive activities that are generally designed to steal, destroy, or misrepresent information. For instance, Computer Fraud occurs if you access credit card numbers or Social Security numbers online in order to use them illegally. Computer Fraud is frequently connected to Credit Card Fraud, or other crimes such as Bank Fraud, Embezzlement and in some instances Bribery.
Among the common actions that can be prosecuted under the charge of Computer Fraud are the following:
  • Posing as someone else online.
  • Emailing a hoax with the intent to scare or intimidate others.
  • Employing spyware or other malicious software, or hacking into a computer system, to collect the private information of a business, an individual, or a group of people.
  • Emailing investment schemes with the intention of taking other people's money.
  • Illegally accessing a computer to alter business, government, medical, academic, or other records.
  • Intentionally sending harmful computer viruses to damage the computers of others.
Because defending a charge of Computer Fraud typically involves both technological and financial investigations—and because relevant records can be preserved even if you believe they've been erased—you need a skilled defense team on your side. You might face multiple charges, criminal or civil prosecution, prison time, or fines (even if you're convicted of only minor fraud). So contact J John Sebastian today to set up a free consultation with an experienced Computer Fraud Attorney

Buffalo Weapon/Gun Charge Lawyer

Have you been charged with a gun crime in the Buffalo Area or Erie and Niagara counties?  Possessing a firearm for self defense is a sacred right guaranteed by the United States Constitution.  Two recent Supreme Court cases have held that the 2nd Amendment gives the right to individuals to keep and bear arms.  Despite this, New York has some of the most restrictive gun laws in the United States. Erie County is even more restrictive.  As a supporter of the National Rifle Association, J. John Sebastian is committed to ensuring that your constitutional rights are not infringed.  He defends clients charged with crimes including:
  • CPW 2nd Degree
  • CPW 3rd Degree
  • CPW 4th Degree
  • Possessing unregistered or unlicensed firearms
  • Possessing firearms by felons
  • Possessing firearms by minors
  • Negligent or unlawful discharge of firearms
  • Menacing
  • Assault with a deadly weapon
  • Possession of a machinegun or silencer

What Should You Do If You Have a Bench Warrant in New York State?

A bench warrant has the potential to cause you significant problems and can be taken as a clear sign that you have erred somewhere along the way. If you have a bench warrant out for your arrest, it is important to discuss your options with a skilled criminal defense lawyer.
Can we get the judge to quash your bench warrant? Can we make arrangements for you to be re-released? In many cases YES. We are committed to helping you find the answers to these questions and making sure your best interest are protected. Call 716-254-1751 for a free initial consultation with an attorney. We are available 24 hours a day, seven days a week.

How Do Bench Warrants Work?

If you were released after your arrest and given a date on which to report in the future, you will be issued a bench warrant by the judge for failure to appear in court on that date. From there, the warrant makes its way to the clerk's office and then to the bench warrant squad who will seek to arrest you.
In other cases, a letter will be issued requesting to find out why you failed to show up. It is important to take these matters seriously, as they could potentially impact the result of your case. We are experienced at vacand will seek to clear up your situation with the judge.
If you think you may have a bench warrant, to lea